Adenomyosis is a female health issue, which is a disease of the uterus where the tissue from the innermost uterine lining grows into the uterine muscle layer.
It's similar to external endometriosis, in which uterine tissue is found outside the uterus, however, with adenomyosis, also called internal endometriosis, the tissue is still contained within the uterus. Diagnosis can be difficult, but some experts believe that more that half of all women have adenomyosis. It is found most often in women between the ages of 40 and 50 who have given birth. It is often misdiagnosed as fibroids. There is no known cause of adenomyosis.
There may be no symptoms at all with adenomyosis . If there are, it is typically an enlarged uterus, pelvic pain, and heavy and abnormal menstrual periods. The severe cramping pain may be present at times in the menstrual cycle other than just during periods.
Most women diagnosed with adenomyosis have other uterine disorders such as external endometriosis, endometrial polyps, or fibroids. The heavy bleeding during menstrual periods may lead to anemia. It is not clear how adenomyosis affects conception and pregnancy, but most suspect that it does lower fertility.
The specific areas of adenomyosis cannot be surgically removed from the uterus, although there has been some recent progress made in local excisions. A total hysterectomy to remove the uterus is usually the only real treatment. Treatment with hormones is ineffective. There is temporary relief available with a medication that forces something like menopause, where there is complete cessation of ovarian function. This helps while the medication is being taken, however, it has unfortunate side effects and cannot be taken for long.
If you have this particular female health issue with no symptoms, no treatment is necessary.